NATO reviews global security scenario

70 Years of NATO and This Year Might Be Its Most Crucial - UT News

NATO comprising  30 nations has prioritized discussion on the challenges to Transatlantic security, including an evolving threat environment. US  Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo participated in the virtual NATO 2-day Foreign Ministerial from December 1. Pompeo reaffirmed the U.S. commitment to the NATO Alliance saying it has ensured peace and prosperity for more than seven decades.  The Foreign Ministers representing NATO and partner countries highlighted the Alliance’s successes and discussed current issues, including increasing joint security capabilities and reaffirming the centrality of  Transatlantic values through the Forward-Looking Reflection Process for NATO 2030, strengthening the NATO mission in Iraq, and bolstering our capabilities to meet future challenges such as cyber defense and global pandemics. Established at the signing of the North Atlantic Treaty on 4 April 1949, Article V  of the’’ treaty states that if an armed attack occurs against one of the member states, it shall be considered an attack against all members, and other members shall assist the attacked member, with armed forces if necessary.’’ As says an expert on international affairs opines primarily brought into existence to counter the threat of Soviet expansion into Western Europe, NATO now exists with collective military power with nearly 3.5 million personnel for combat and with expenditures of over $900 million USD with the United States entrusted with leading it materially and financially. Of the 30 nations, Canada and the United States are in North America, 28 are in Europe, Turkey is geographically in Europe and Asia. All members have militaries, except for Iceland which has a coast guard and a small unit of civilian specialists for NATO operations.  In the grouping, France, the United Kingdom, and the United States are nuclear powered and are in possession of veto power in the UN Security Council. During the campaign for the 2016 US Presidential election,  Donald Trump had announced that his nation will quit NATO  but later stated that the United States would protect allies in the event that Article V is invoked. edited by @chakravartypk

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